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Make me a beast half as brave.

liquidxdiamonds in baka_nihongo

Interrogative + か / も / でも

By attaching か,も or でも to the end of an interrogative it forms a new meaning. Following an interrogative with か gives it the meaing of some. With も it means every in affirmative sentences and no in negative. でも yields the meaning any.


Interrogative + か + も + も + でも
    Affirmative Negative  
何か

something
みんな、みな

全て、全部

everything
何も

nothing
何でも

anything (and everything),

whatever
だれ

(どなた)
だれか

(どなたか)

someone
みんな、みな

(みなさん)

everyone
だれも

(どなたも)

no one
だれでも

(どなたでも)

anyone, whoever
いつ いつか

sometime
いつも

always, all the time
いつも

never
いつでも

anytime, whenever
どこ どこか

somewhere
どこも

everywhere
どこも

nowhere
どこでも

anywhere, wherever
どれ どれか

one of them
どれも

every one, everything,

all of them
どれも

none of them
どれでも

any of them,

whichever one
どちら どちらか

either of two
どちらも

both of them
どちらも

neither of them
どちらでも

either of them,

whichever of the two



どんな食べ物がすきですか。What kind of food do you like?
  何でも好きです。 I like everything.

いつ東京へ行きませんか? When you do want to go to Tokyo?
いつでもいいです。 Anytime is fine.

何か飲みませんか。 Shall we drink something?
  ええ、飲みましょう。 Yes, let's drink.

どちらが安かったですか。 Which is cheaper?
  どちらもやすくなかったです。 Neither of them are cheaper.

The thing that makes this topic a little difficult is when the particles に, へ, から, まで are part of the sentences containing the interrogative construction. When this happens they fall in between.

みんなに会いますか。Will you see everyone?
  いいえ、だれも会いませよ。 No, I won't see anyone.

If the particle を is used however it is dropped.

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